Diving in Alor
Volcanic Mountains G'Alore
When scuba divers talk about wanting to get away to a remote location in the middle of nowhere and do some amazing diving then this is what they mean. Alor, a small island north of West Timor in Eastern Indonesia, offers dives which are absolutely world class and it is a long, long way from the office.
Superb macro life, coral and benthic diversity, and schooling fish are the main attractions. An unusual and excellent bonus of diving here is the likelihood of spotting pilot whales and dolphins from your dive boat. Alor tends to be a liveaboard diving destination and is suitable primarily for experienced divers due to the strong currents and eddies and this remote location.
Dive Site Descriptions
Kal's Dream - Although some recent reports from liveaboards in Alor suggest it is not all that it once was, this remains a wonderful and colourful site where a large number and variety of fish are all but guaranteed. A further guarantee is the low density of scuba divers.
You make a negative entry here and fin sharply down to the sea mount around which the action takes place. Swarms of anthias flicker above the various corals as you look out for the big boys. Depending on your luck you may see schools of fusiliers, surgeons and snappers. Grey reef sharks, barracudas and rays may well also feature in what can be a physical and emotional ride.
Sharks Galore - Off the coast of Pura Island at Sharks Galore you can take a breather from the currents without compromising your fun. Not surprisingly, given the name, there is a good chance of you seeing plenty of sharks here in what is normally a still or gentle drift from your diving boat.
Big grey reef sharks and white tips tend to cruise around in the company of hefty dog-toothed tuna, sometimes combining to make the human tourists feel very small indeed. Depending on the conditions you may finish this dive in the adjacent site known as Clown Valley.
The Twilight Zone - is just off the beach outside Biangabang village on Pantar Island. The steaming hot springs on the beach might make you think that the water here is warm but don't be fooled, it can get pretty chilly here. The dive starts by a lava flow to the south of the beach and divers can choose to explore further south over the reef or to hunt around to the north in the volcanic black sand.
You can drop down to 40 metres or below but most life is found shallower. This is an Alor dive site for critters and the name alludes to the amount of weird and unusual creatures that the eagle-eyed can spot here. Snake eels stick their heads out of their holes and spearing mantis shrimps peer up at divers, focusing their independently movable stalked eyes. These nocturnal creatures are rarely seen out of their holes in day light but lucky divers may see them hunting aggressively at night.
Pegasus seamoths are hard to find in the rubble areas. Octopuses are all over the coral mounds including the much sought after mimic. Bobbit worms and gurnard lionfish inhabit the sand while the rare soapfish inhabit the reef areas. Also on the reef are Spanish dancers that can be seen performing their incredible dance on night dives. The Twilight Zone is also one of the few places in the world where the Djibouti Giant has been seen. Like a Spanish dancer on steroids, this huge nudibranch is very rare indeed.
How to Dive Alor
Although there are now a couple of dive resorts in Alor, the remoteness of the region lends itself well to a liveaboard trip that can visit other diving destinations in the vicinity, such as Flores and the Banda Sea. Check out our liveaboard section for your options.
You can dive in Alor all year round, but the best conditions are from March to December, with October and November being the months when current is most prevalent. Outside of that time the surface conditions can be unsettled and there is greater chance of rain and reduced visibility. However, although the chance of such disturbances are higher at this time, the weather is usually pretty settled and many scuba divers visit at any time of the year and enjoy great conditions.
Water temperatures vary from a low of around 25°C (March to April and October to November) to 31/32°C from May to September, which is the southeast monsoon period. During this period the normally good visibility of around 25-30m can drop to 15m or less due to plankton blooms.
Additionally, Alor is well known for its muck diving which means conditions and the seasonal movement of creatures do not really affect the diving. Pegasus sea moths, mimic octopus and sea horses don't travel very far. Larger animals that might put in an appearance include orcas (killer whales) and sunfish (aka mola mola). September is the best time to spot mola mola.
Good for: Large animals, small animals, drift dives and advanced divers
Not so good for: Wrecks, beginners and non-diving activities
Depth: 12 - 40m
Visibility: 12 - 30m
Currents: Can be very strong
Surface conditions: Can be rough
Water temperature: 26 - 32°C
Experience level: Advanced only
Number of dive sites: >15
Distance: ~60 km north of Kupang (West Timor, 3 hours), 300 km east of Flores (15 hours) and 1,350 km south west of Sorong (West Papua, 60 hours)
Access: Alor liveaboards
Recommended length of stay: 4 - 5 days